Ingredients

List of Animal Derived Ingredients

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This is a detailed list providing information on animal derived or animal tested ingredients used in foods, cosmetics etc. If you are looking for specific ingredients, click on the letters above to be directed. The # symbol is for animal derived ingredients listed with numbers. The numbered ingredients may be listed elsewhere (on foods etc.) with a letter before them, such as E120. Please note that these are the same ingredient. Please be aware that not all ingredients listed are always derived from animals. All ingredients listed will have details on where they can be obtained from.

If you have any information regarding these or other ingredients that you think should be listed here please write to contact@vegantasmania.com


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120
(Carmine, Carminic Acid, Cochineal, Natural Red 4) Red colouring obtained from the crushed female cochineal insect. It takes 1 million insects for just a kilogram of carminic acid. An allergen used in foods and cosmetics.

153
(Carbon Black, Vegetable Carbon) Derived from incomplete combustion of natural gas, activated charcoal, blood, bones, meat, fats, oil and resins. Also derived from burnt vegetable matter.

160a
May have gelatine.

270
(Lactic Acid, Sodium Steroyl Lactylate) Found in the blood and muscle tissue of animals. Most commercial uses are derived from the fermentation of sugars in potatoes, whey, cornstarch and molasses.

322
(Lecithin, Choline Bitartrate) A waxy substance found in the nervous tissue, eggs, blood and milk. Commercial purposes are usually obtained from egg or soybeans. Found in cosmetics and some medicines.

325
(Sodium Lactate) Sodium salt found in lactic acid. May have vegan sources.

326
(Potassium Lactate) The potassium salt in lactic acid. May have vegan sources.

327
(Calcium Lactate) Calcium salt in Lactic Acid. Used in food and medicine. Only from animal.

328
(Ammonium Lactate) A derivative of lactic acid. May have vegan sources.

329
(Magnesium Lactate) A derivative of lactic acid. May have vegan sources.

422
(Glycerides, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

430 431 432 433 434 435 436
(Polyoxyethylene) Found in Stearic acid. (Other numbers are variations of this). May have vegan sources.

441
(Gel, Gelatine) A protein obtained from boiling animal skins, tendons, ligaments and/or bones with water. Used in shampoos, face masks and other cosmetics. Also used as a thickener in foods, photography film and in tablets as a coating. Can also be used in the wine process.

442
(Ammonium phosphatides) Mixed ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides. May have vegan sources.

469
(Casein, Casienate, Sodium Caseinate) A Milk protein.Can be found in many “nondairy” creamers, soy cheeses. Also used in cosmetics etc. Only animal derived.

470a
Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids May have vegan sources.

470b
(Magnesium Stearate) A derivative of stearic acid. May have vegan sources.

471
Glycerides of fatty acids. May have vegan sources.

472a 472b 472c 472d 472e 472f
Derived from glycerol. May have vegan sources.

473
Sucrose Esters of fatty acids. May have vegan sources.

474
(Sucroglycerides) May have vegan sources.

475
Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids. May have vegan sources.

476
Polyglycerol Esters of Interesterified Ricinoleic Acid. May have vegan sources.

477
Propylene Glycol Mono- and Di-Esters. May have vegan sources.

478
Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol. May have vegan sources.

479b
Soya bean oil that have been thermally oxodised and mixed with glycerides of fatty acids. May have vegan sources.

481 482 483
(Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane,Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

491 492 493 494 495
Derived from sorbitan, it is a mixture of chemical compounds derived from the dehydration of sorbitol. May have vegan sources.

542
Bone phosphate

570
(Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane,Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

572
Magnesium Stearates (Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane,Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

585
(Ferrous Lactate, Iron Lactate) A chemical compound created as a food additive. Often comes from lactic acid. May also have vegan sources.

627
A flavour enhancer made using sardines or yeast extract

630
Inosinic Acid. Important derivatives of inosinic acid include purine nucleotides found in nucleic acids and adenosine triphosphate, used to store chemical energy in muscle and other tissues. May have vegan sources.

631
Disosium Inosinate. Flavour enhancer obtained from meat extract and dried sardines. May have vegan sources. May have vegan sources.

635
Sodium 5'-Ribonucleotides. A Flavour enhancer produced by combining the sodium salts of guanylic acid (626) and inosinic acid (630). May have vegan sources.

640
Glycine and its sodium salt. (Glycine) An amino acid found in proteins. May have vegan sources.

901
(Cera Flava, beeswax, Honeycomb) Wax created by melting and straining honeycomb.

904
(Resinous Glaze, Shellac) Resinous excretion of the lac bug insect. Used as a glaze in lollies, hair lacquer and on jewellery.

910 920 921
(Cysteine, L-Form)
An amino acid found in hair, often obtained from animals. Used in hair products, creams, wound-healing products and bakery products. May have vegan sources.

966
(Lactitol) A dairy-based sugar alcohol.

1518
(Glycerides, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

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A

Ace K
(Acesulfame, Sunnet) Ace K is an artificial sweetener and while the contents are in fact vegan the safety concerns involved have led to animal testing.

Acesulfame
(Ace K, Sunnet) Acesulfame is an artificial sweetener and while the contents are in fact vegan the safety concerns involved have led to animal testing.

Adrenaline
(Epinephrine) A hormone from the adrenal glands of pigs, cattle and sheep. Adrenaline is usually synthetic and produced for medicinal purposes.

Alanine
(Amino Acids) Alanine or Amino Acids are the building blocks of all proteins found in animals and plants. Found in cosmetics, supplements etc. Use plant sources or synthetics.

Albumen
(Albumin) Found in eggs, muscles, blood and vegetable tissues and fluid. In cosmetics and foods Albumen is usually derived from egg whites. Can also be used to “fine” wines.

Albumin
(Albumen) Found in eggs, muscles, blood and vegetable tissues and fluid. In cosmetics and foods Albumin is usually derived from egg whites. Can also be used to “fine” wines.

Alcloxa
(Aldioxa, Allantoin) Uric acid derived from mammals and plants. Found in cosmetics. Alternatively use comfrey root or synthetics.

Aldoxia
(Alcloxa, Allantoin) Uric acid derived from mammals and plants. Found in cosmetics. Alternatively use comfrey root or synthetics.

Aliphatic Alcohol
(Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols,Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Allantoin
(Alcloxa, Aldoxia) Uric acid derived from mammals and plants. Found in cosmetics. Alternatively use comfrey root or synthetics.

Alligator Skin
A leather made from the skin of alligators.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids
Any of several acids used in exfoliation and anti-ageing products. May be Lactic acid which can be derived from animal, plant or synthetic sources.

Ambergris
Ambergris comes from the intestines of the sperm whale. It is used in perfumes and as a flavouring in foods and drinks.

Amino Acids
(Alanine) Alanine or Amino Acids are the building blocks of all proteins found in animals and plants. Found in cosmetics, supplements etc. Use plant sources or synthetics.

Aminosuccinate Acid
(Aspartic Acid) An amino acid that can have animal, plant or synthetic sources.

Ammonium Lactate
(328) A derivative of lactic acid.

Ammonium phosphatides
(442) Mixed ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides

Amylase
An enzyme that can have animal, plant, fungal and bacterial sources. When derived from an animal it is taken from the pancreas.

Angora
Hair from an Angora goat or rabbit. Used in clothing.

Animal Fats and Oils
Highly allergenic, used in foods, cosmetics etc.

Animal Hair
(Horsehair) Found in brushes, blankets, mattresses, furniture etc.

Arachidonic Acid
A liquid unsaturated fatty acid, found in the liver, brain, glands and fat of animals. Generally derived from the liver and used in creams to calm rashes and eczema.

Arachidyl Proprionate
A wax which can be found in animal fat. Used in cosmetics.

Artificial
Made from natural ingredients by humans. This product can be derived from either animal or plant sources.

Aspartic Acid
(Aminosuccinate Acid) An amino acid that can have animal, plant or synthetic sources.

Aspic
Jelly derived from meat and fish.

Astrakhan
The skin from stillborn or very young lambs from a breed that originated in Astrakhan, Russia.

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B

Bee Pollen
Microsporic grains from seed plants that have been gathered and then taken from the legs of bees. Allergenic and found in supplements, shampoos, toothpastes and deodorants.

Beeswax
(901, Cera Flava, Honeycomb) Wax created by melting and straining honeycomb.

Beetle Juice
(Confectioner’s Glaze, Pharmaceutical Glaze, Resinous Glaze, Pure Food Glaze, Natural Glaze) An alcohol based solution made from various types of shellac. Used by the drug industry as a coating material for tablets and capsules. Also used in foods.

Benzoic Acid
Found in almost all vertebrates and berries. Most commercial uses are derived from plants.

Beta Carotene
(Carotene, Provitamin A) A Pigment found in animal tissue and in all plants. Used as a colouring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of Vitamin A.

Biotin
(Vitamin B Factor, Vitamin H) Found in every living cell and in milk and yeast. Used as a texturiser in cosmetics, shampoos and creams.

Blood
Taken from any slaughtered animal. Found in adhesive in plywood, cheese-making, foam rubber, medicines and intravenous feedings. Possibly found in foods like lecithin.

Boar Bristles
Hair taken from wild or captive boars. Used in "natural” toothbrushes, hair brushes etc.

Bone Char
(Boneblack) Bone ash used to produce bone china and in the process of sugars to make them appear whiter. Also serves as the charcoal in aquarium filters.

Bone Meal
Crushed/ground animal bones found in some fertilizers, vitamins and supplements as a source of calcium. Also used in toothpastes.

Boneblack
(Bone Char) Bone ash used to produce bone china and in the process of sugars to make them appear whiter. Also serves as the charcoal in aquarium filters.

Brawn
The boiled meat, tongue and ears of a pig.

Butter
A dairy product made from the churning of cream or milk.

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C

Calciferol
(Ergocalciferol, Ergosterol, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-2, Vitamin D-3, Provitamin D-2) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Calcium Carbonate
A powder occurring naturally in marble, limestone, coral, eggshells, pearl and oyster shells.

Calcium Lactate
(327) Calcium salt in Lactic Acid. Used in food and medicine. Only from animal.

Calcium Phosphate
A mineral salt from rocks or bone. Found in cosmetics and foods.

Calcium Stearate
A calcium salt of stearic acid. Found in lubricants and surfactants. May also have vegan sources.

Calfskin
A leather made from the skin of calves.

Capryl Betaine
(Caprylic Acid, Caprylamine, Caprylic Triglyceride) A liquid fatty acid derived from cows and goats milk. Also from palm, coconut and other plant oils. Found in perfumes and soaps.

Caprylamine
(Capryl Betaine, Caprylic Acid, Caprylic Triglyceride) A liquid fatty acid derived from cows and goats milk. Also from palm, coconut and other plant oils. Found in perfumes and soaps.

Caprylic Acid
(Capryl Betaine, Caprylamine, Caprylic Triglyceride) A liquid fatty acid derived from cows and goats milk. Also from palm, coconut and other plant oils. Found in perfumes and soaps.

Caprylic Triglyceride
(Capryl Betaine, Caprylamine, Caprylic Acid) A liquid fatty acid derived from cows and goats milk. Also from palm, coconut and other plant oils. Found in perfumes and soaps.

Caramel Colour
One of the most common food colourings, used in almost every kind of industrially processed food. Most caramel is derived from plant sources. Some caramel is derived from cane sugar, which may have been whitened with the use of bonechar.

Carbamide
(Imidazolidinyl Urea, Urea, Uric Acid) Excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. Commercial uses are synthetic.

Carbon Black
(153, Vegetable Carbon) Derived from incomplete combustion of natural gas, activated charcoal, blood, bones, meat, fats, oil and resins. Also derived from burnt vegetable matter.

Carmine
(Carminic Acid, Cochineal, Natural Red 4, E120) Red colouring obtained from the crushed female cochineal insect. It takes 1 million insects for just a kilogram of carminic acid. An allergen used in foods and cosmetics.

Carminic Acid
(Carmine, Cochineal, Natural Red 4, E120) Red colouring obtained from the crushed female cochineal insect. It takes 1 million insects for just a kilogram of carminic acid. An allergen used in foods and cosmetics.

Carotene
(Beta Carotene, Provitamin A) A Pigment found in animal tissue and in all plants. Used as a colouring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of Vitamin A.

Casein
(469, Caseinate, Sodium Caseinate) A Milk protein.Can be found in many “nondairy” creamers, soy cheeses. Also used in cosmetics etc. Only animal derived.

Caseinate
(469, Casein, Sodium Caseinate) A Milk protein.Can be found in many “nondairy” creamers, soy cheeses. Also used in cosmetics etc. Only animal derived.

Cashmere
Wool from a Kashmir goat.

Castor
(Castoreum) A cream-like substance from muskrat and beaver genitals. Commercial uses of castor are usually derived from the castor bean.

Castoreum
(Castor) A cream-like substance from muskrat and beaver genitals. Commercial uses of castor are usually derived from the castor bean.

Catalase
An enzyme used to decompose hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water. Derived from the liver of cattle or found in fungus.

Catgut
String from the intestines of horse, sheep etc. Used for surgical sutures, stringing tennis rackets, musical instruments, etc.

Cera Flava
(901, Beeswax, Honeycomb) Wax created by melting and straining honeycomb.

Cerebrosides
Sugars and fatty acids found in the covering of nerves. Found in cosmetics, Cerebrosides can be derived from cattle or plant sources.

Cetyl Alcohol
Wax from the spermaceti of the sperm whale. Alternatives: Vegetable cetyl alcohol.

Cetyl Palmitate
(Spermaceti) A waxy substance produced by the sperm whale. Often used in candles.

Chamois
A leather made from the skin of chamois antelope, sheep, goats and deer.

Cheese
A food made from milk curds. Often made with rennet.

Chitin
Fibre found in crustacean shells. Often found in tanning products.

Cholesterin
(Cholesterol) A steroid alcohol found in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk and blood. Also derived from lanolin. Found in cosmetics, creams, shampoos, etc.

Cholesterol
(Cholesterin) A steroid alcohol found in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk and blood. Also derived from lanolin. Found in cosmetics, creams, shampoos, etc.

Choline Bitartrate
(322, Lecithin) A waxy substance found in the nervous tissue, eggs, blood and milk. Commercial purposes are usually obtained from egg or soybeans. Found in cosmetics and some medicines.

Chondroitin
Found in the cartilage of cows, pigs, birds, fish and sharks for the use in products designed to alleviate the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Can also be produced synthetically.

Chymosin
(Rennin) An enzyme found in rennet.

Chymotrypsin
An enzyme primarily derived from the pancreas of an ox.

Civet
Unctuous secretion painfully scraped off a gland very near the genitals of a civet cat. Found in perfumes, beverages, lollies and ice cream.

Cochineal
(Carmine, Carminic Acid, Natural Red 4, E120) Red colouring obtained from the crushed female cochineal insect. It takes 1 million insects for just a kilogram of carminic acid. An allergen used in foods and cosmetics.

Cod Liver Oil
(Fish Oil, Marine Oil) Obtained from fish and other marine animals (including porpoises) Used in soaps, margarines, lubricants and paints.

Collagen
Fibrous protein in vertebrates. Derived from animal tissue and found in skin creams. It is an allergen and cannot affect the skins own collagen. No proven benefits.

Collagen Hydrolysate
A purified protein obtained from animals. Produced by breaking down gelatine to smaller protein fragments.

Colours
(Dyes, FD&C Colours) Pigments derived from animal, plant and synthetic sources to colour foods, cosmetics and other products. Widely used FD&C and D&C colours are derived from coal tar which due to their carcinogenic properties are tested on animals.

Confectioner’s Glaze
(Pharmaceutical Glaze, Resinous Glaze, Pure Food Glaze, Natural Glaze, Beetle Juice) An alcohol based solution made from various types of shellac. Used by the drug industry as a coating material for tablets and capsules. Also used in foods.

Corticosteroid
(Cortisone, Hydrocortisone) A hormone from the adrenal glands of hogs. Found in medicines.

Cortisone
(Corticosteroid, Hydrocortisone) A hormone from the adrenal glands of hogs. Found in medicines.

Cream
The fatty liquid skimmed from the top of raw milks when left to stand.

Cysteine, L-Form
(910, 920, 921) An amino acid found in hair, often obtained from animals. Used in hair products, creams, wound-healing products and bakery products.

Cystine
An amino acid obtained from horsehair or urine. Used as a nutritional supplement and in emollients.

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D

Dairy
Any food containing milk and/or milk proteins.

DATEM
(Diacetyl Tartaric Ester of Monoglyceride) Originally obtained from animal or plant fatty acids. An emulsifier used as an additive in breads, dairy and meat products. This ingredient was animal tested before being approved for human consumption.

Dexpanthenol
(Panthenol, Panthenyl, Provitamin B-5, Vitamin B-Complex Factor) Obtained from animal, plant or synthetic sources.Found in foods, cosmetics and supplements.

Dextrose
(Glucose) A sugar usually produced by hydrolysis of starch with mineral acids. Can also be produced synthetically. In some countries glucose is run through bone-char filters.

Diglycerides
(Monoglycerides) From animal fat or vegetable glycerides. Used in cosmetics and food.

Dimethyl Stearamine
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyle Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Disodium Inosinate
A flavour enhancer derived from meat and sardines, may also have fungal or vegetable sources.

Down
Duck and goose insulating feathers, from slaughtered or exploited geese and ducks. Used in quilts, jackets, sleeping bags and pillows.

Duodenum Substances
From the digestive tracts of pigs and cows. Can be used in vitamins.

Dyes
(Colours, FD&C Colours) Pigments derived from animal, plant and synthetic sources to colour foods, cosmetics and other products. Widely used FD&C and D&C colours are derived from coal tar which due to their carcinogenic properties are tested on animals.

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E

Egg Protein
Protein derived from eggs. Found in shampoos etc.

Eggs
Eggs laid by a female bird, reptile and fish containing a developing embryo.

Elastin
Protein found in the tendons of cows. Similar to collagen, this ingredient is used in hair and skin products. An allergen, cannot affect the skin’s own elasticity.

Emu Oil
Obtained from slaughtered emu’s. Used in cosmetics and creams.

Enzymes
Protein molecules produced by living cells. Enzymes can be derived from animals, plants, bacteria, fungi and yeast. Most industrial enzymes consist of a mixture.

Ergocalciferol
(Calciferol, Ergosterol, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-2, Vitamin D-3, Provitamin D-2) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Ergosterol
(Calciferol, Ergocalciferl, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-2, Vitamin D-3, Provitamin D-2) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Estradiol
(Estrogen) Female hormone obtained from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug which can have harmful systematic effects if taken by children. Used for reproductive conditions and in birth control pills. and menopause drugs. Also found in creams, lotions and perfumes.

Estrogen
(Estradiol) Female hormone obtained from pregnant mares’ urine. Considered a drug which can have harmful systematic effects if taken by children. Used for reproductive conditions and in birth control pills. and menopause drugs. Also found in creams, lotions and perfumes.

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F

Fatty Acids
Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids. Used in bubble bath, cosmetics, soaps and food. May have vegan sources.

FD&C Colours
(Colours, Dyes) Pigments derived from animal, plant and synthetic sources to colour foods, cosmetics and other products. Widely used FD&C and D&C colours are derived from coal tar which due to their carcinogenic properties are tested on animals.

Feathers
Obtained from slaughtered and exploited birds. Used whole for ornamental use and in Down or ground up for the use in shampoos (keratin).

Ferrous Lactate
(585. Iron Lactate) A chemical compound created as a food additive. Often comes from lactic acid. May also have vegan sources.

Fish Liver Oil
Used in vitamins and supplements and in milk fortified with Vitamin D.

Fish Oil
(Cod Liver Oil, Marine Oil) Obtained from fish and other marine animals (including porpoises) Used in soaps, margarines, lubricants and paints.

Fish Scales
Used in makeups (to give a shimmery look).

Fur
Animal fur (usually obtained from minks, foxes and rabbits.) Can be obtained from the murder of dogs and cats or any animal.

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G

Gel
(441, Gelatin) A protein obtained from boiling animal skins, tendons, ligaments and/or bones with water. Used in shampoos, face masks and other cosmetics. Also used as a thickener in foods, photography film and in tablets as a coating. Can also be used in the wine process.

Gelatin
(441, Gel) A protein obtained from boiling animal skins, tendons, ligaments and/or bones with water. Used in shampoos, face masks and other cosmetics. Also used as a thickener in foods, photography film and in tablets as a coating. Can also be used in the wine process.

Glucosamine
Usually extracted from the tissues of shellfish it can also be derived from corn or be made synthetically. Used as a dietary supplement to aid the relief of joint problems.

Glucose
(Dextrose) A sugar usually produced by hydrolysis of starch with mineral acids. Can also be produced synthetically. In some countries glucose is run through bone-char filters.

Glycerides
(422, 1518, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Glycerin
(422, 1518, Glyceride, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Glycerol
(422, 1518, Glycerides, Glycerin, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Glyceryls
(422, 1518, Glycerdies, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Glycerth-26
(422, 1518, Glycerides, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Polyglycerol) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Glycine
(640) An amino acid found in proteins.

Guanine Pearl
Essence Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid, found in all animal and plant tissues. For commercial use it is usually obtained from fish scales. Synthetic pearl, aluminium and bronze particles are more common. Found in nail polish, shampoos and other cosmetics.

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H

Hide Glue
Same as gelatin but with a cruder and impure form.

Honey
Food made by bees, for bees. Can cause allergic reactions in some and used as a colouring, food and emollient in cosmetics and flavour in foods.

Honeycomb
(901, Beeswax, Cera Flava) Wax created by melting and straining honeycomb.

Horsehair
(Animal hair) Used in blankets, mattresses, brushes (paint brushes) furniture etc.

Hyaluronic Acid
A protein found in the fluids around the joints of animals and in umbilical cords. Used in cosmetics.

Hydrocortisone
(Corticosteroid, Cortisone) A hormone from the adrenal glands of hogs. Found in medicines.

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I

Imidazolidinyl Urea
(Carbamide, Urea, Uric Acid) Excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. Commercial uses are synthetic.

Inositol
A sugar-like vitamin B supplement. It is present in almost all animal and plant tissues.

Insulin
Obtained from the pancreas of cattle and hogs. Used by diabetics. Alternatives: synthetics, nutritional supplements and human insulin grown in labs.

Iron Lactate
(585, Ferrous Lactate) A chemical compound created as a food additive. Often comes from lactic acid. May also have vegan sources.

Isinglass
A type of gelatin made from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Used to clear alcoholic beverages and in foods.

Isopropyl Lanolate
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Isopropyl Myristate
(Myristic Acid, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Oleyl Myristate) An organic acid found in most animal and vegetable fats. Used in cosmetics and foods.

Isopropyl Palmitate
Complex mixtures of isomers of stearic acid and palmitic acid. Used as a lubricant and found in cosmetics.

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J

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K

Keratin
Protein from ground up horns, hooves, feathers, quills and hairs of animals. Found in cosmetics.

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L

Lactic Acid
(270, Sodium Steroyl Lactylate) Found in the blood and muscle tissue of animals. Most commercial uses are derived from the fermentation of sugars in potatoes, whey, cornstarch and molasses.

Lactitol
(966) A dairy-based sugar alcohol.

Lactose
Milk sugar obtained from the milk of mammals. Found in eye lotions, foods, tablets and cosmetics.

Laneth
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Lanogene
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Lanolin
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Lanolin Alcohol
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Lanosterols
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Lard
Fat from the abdomens of pigs. Found in cosmetics and foods.

Leather
The skin of any number of animals. Used to make clothing, accessories, furniture, etc.

Lecithin
(322, Choline Bitartrate) A waxy substance found in the nervous tissue, eggs, blood and milk. Commercial purposes are usually obtained from egg or soybeans. Found in cosmetics and some medicines.

Linoleic Acid
An essential fatty acid. Used in vitamins and cosmetics.

Lipase
An enzyme from the stomachs and tongue glands of calves, kids and lambs. Used in cheese-making and digestive aids.

Lipids
(Lipoids) Fat and like-substances found in animals and plants.

Lipoids
(Lipids) Fat and like-substances found in animals and plants.

Lutein
A substance found in the yolk of eggs. Obtained commercially from marigold.

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M

Magnesium Lactate
(329) A derivative of lactic acid.

Magnesium Stearate
(470b) A derivative of stearic acid.

Margarine
A generic name used to describe substitutes to butter made from animal and/or vegetable fats.

Marine Oil
(Cod Liver Oil, Fish Oil) Obtained from fish and other marine animals (including porpoises) Used in soaps, margarines, lubricants and paints.

Methionine
Essential amino acids found in various proteins, generally from egg, albumen and casein. Used as a texturiser in creams and found in potato chips.

Milk
A white liquid secreted by female mammals for the nourishment of their young.

Milk Protein
Hydorlized milk protein from the milk of cows. Found in cosmetics.

Mink Oil
Oil obtained from minks. Found in cosmetics.

Mohair
Fabric made from the hair of the angora goat.

Monoglycerids
(Diglycerides) From animal fat or vegetable glycerides. Used in cosmetics and food.

Musk Oil
A dried protein taken painfully from the musk deer. Found in perfumes and food flavouring.

Myristal Ether Sulfate
(Isopropyl Myristate, Myristic Acid, Oleyl Myristate) An organic acid found in most animal and vegetable fats. Used in cosmetics and foods.

Myristic Acid
(Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Oleyl Myristate) An organic acid found in most animal and vegetable fats. Used in cosmetics and foods.

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N

Natural Flavours
A flavour that may be derived from spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, plant, meat, seafood, dairy, eggs, poultry.

Natural Glaze
(Confectioner’s Glaze, Pharmaceutical Glaze, Resinous Glaze, Pure Food Glaze, Beetle Juice) An alcohol based solution made from various types of shellac. Used by the drug industry as a coating material for tablets and capsules. Also used in foods.

Natural Red 4
(Carmine, Carminic Acid, Cochineal, E120) Red colouring obtained from the crushed female cochineal insect. It takes 1 million insects for just a kilogram of carminic acid. An allergen used in foods and cosmetics.

Natural Sources
Can have vegetable or animal sources. Most often used in health foods and cosmetics where it usually has animal sources, such as elastin, glands, fats, proteins and oils.

Nucleic Acids
Found in the nucleus of all living cells. Found in cosmetics, shampoos, supplements etc. May have vegan sources.

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O

Octyldodecanol
Primarily sourced from stearyl  alcohol and used in hair products.

Oleic Acid
(Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearate) Commercially obtained from tallow. Found in foods, soaps, cosmetics etc.

Oleostearin
A solid from pressed tallow.

Oleths
(Oleyl Alcohol, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline) Obtained from fish oils. Used in detergents to soften fabrics and as a carrier for medications.

Oleyl Alcohol
(Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline) Obtained from fish oils. Used in detergents to soften fabrics and as a carrier for medications.

Oleyl Arachidate
(Oleths, Oleyl Alcohol, Oleyl Imidazoline) Obtained from fish oils. Used in detergents to soften fabrics and as a carrier for medications.

Oleyl Imidazoline
(Oleths, Oleyl Alcohol, Oleyl Imidazoline) Obtained from fish oils. Used in detergents to soften fabrics and as a carrier for medications.

Oleyl Myristate
(Isopropyl Myristate, Myristic Acid, Myristal Ether Sulfate) An organic acid found in most animal and vegetable fats. Used in cosmetics and foods.

Oleyl Oleate
(Oleic Acid, Oleyl Stearate) Commercially obtained from tallow. Found in foods, soaps, cosmetics etc.

Oleyl Stearate
(Oleic Acid, Oleyl Oleate) Commercially obtained from tallow. Found in foods, soaps, cosmetics etc.

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P

Palmitamide
(Palmitamine, Palmitate, Palmitic Acid) From fats and oils mixed with stearic acid. Found in animal fats and plant oils. May have vegan sources.

Palmitamine
(Palmitamide, Palmitate, Palmitic Acid) From fats and oils mixed with stearic acid. Found in animal fats and plant oils. May have vegan sources.

Palmitate
(Palmitamide, Palmitamine, Palmitic Acid) From fats and oils mixed with stearic acid. Found in animal fats and plant oils. May have vegan sources.

Palmitic Acid
(Palmitamide, Palmitamine, Palmitate) From fats and oils mixed with stearic acid. Found in animal fats and plant oils. May have vegan sources.

Panthenol
(Dexpanthenol, Panthenyl, Provitamin B-5, Vitamin B-Complex Factor) Obtained from animal, plant or synthetic sources.Found in foods, cosmetics and supplements.

Panthenyl
(Dexpanthenol, Panthenol, Provitamin B-5, Vitamin B-Complex Factor) Obtained from animal, plant or synthetic sources.Found in foods, cosmetics and supplements.

Paracasein
The chemical product of the action of rennin or pepsin on casein. To make hard cheeses, paracasein is used in combination with soluble calcium salts to form cheese curd.

Pepsin
Enzyme derived from the stomach of calves and sometimes pigs.

Pharmaceutical Glaze
(Confectioner’s Glaze, Resinous Glaze, Pure Food Glaze, Natural Glaze, Beetle Juice) An alcohol based solution made from various types of shellac. Used by the drug industry as a coating material for tablets and capsules. Also used in foods.

Placenta
Waste matter eliminated by the foetus. Obtained from the uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal placenta is commonly used in skin creams, shampoos and other cosmetics. Can also be eaten.

Plyglycerol
(422, 1518, Glycerides, Glycerin, Glycerol, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26) A by product of the manufacture of soaps which normally use animal fats. Found in mouthwashes, cosmetics, foods, medicines, lubricants, plastics and transmission and brake fluids. May have vegan-friendly sources.

Plypeptides
Obtained from animal protein and used in cosmetics.

Polyoxyethylene Stearate (and variations of)
(430, 431, 432, 433, 434. 435, 436) Found in stearic acid.

Polysorbates
Derivatives of fatty acids and found in cosmetics and foods. May have vegan sources.

Potassium Lactate
(326) The potassium salt in lactic acid.

Pristane
Oil obtained from the liver of sharks and whale ambergris. Used as a lubricant and found in cosmetics.

Progesterone
A steroid hormone found in anti-wrinkle creams which can cause adverse systematic effects.

Propolis
Tree sap gathered by bees to use as a sealant in their hives. Found in cosmetics, shampoos, toothpaste etc.

Provitamin A
(Beta Carotene, Carotene) A Pigment found in animal tissue and in all plants. Used as a colouring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of Vitamin A.

Provitamin B-5
(Dexpanthenol, Panthenol, Panthenyl, Vitamin B-Complex Factor)  Obtained from animal, plant or synthetic sources.Found in foods, cosmetics and supplements.

Provitamin D-2
(Calciferol, Ergocalciferol, Ergosterol, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-2, Vitamin D-3) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

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Q

Quinoline Yellow
(Yellow 13) Obtained from the interaction of aniline with acetaldehyde and formaldehyde or by the distillation of coal tar, bones and alkaloids. May have vegan sources.

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R

Rennet
(Rennin) An enzyme from the stomach of calves. Found in most cheeses and in other dairy products.

Rennin
(Rennet) An enzyme from the stomach of calves. Found in most cheeses and in other dairy products.

Resinous Glaze
(904, Shellac) Resinous excretion of the lac bug insect. Used as a glaze in lollies, hair lacquer and on jewellery.

Reticulin
One of the structural elements of skeletal muscle.

Retinol
(Vitamin A) Can be obtained from fish liver oil, shark liver oil, egg yolks, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carrots and/or synthetics. Found in cosmetics, perfumes etc.
Ribonucleic Acid

(RNA) Found in all living cells and used as a skin conditioner in cosmetics. May have vegan or animal sources.

RNA
(Ribonucleic Acid) Found in all living cells and used as a skin conditioner in cosmetics. May have vegan or animal sources.

Roe
Eggs taken from the abdomen of slaughtered fish.

Royal Jelly
Secretion from the throat glands of honeybee workers to feed the larvae. No proven benefits. Used in cosmetics.

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S

Sable Brushes
Made using the fur of Sables. Used in cosmetics and make-up brushes.

Sea Turtle Oil
(Turtle Oil) Taken from the muscles and genitals of green sea turtles. Used in soaps and cosmetics.

Shark Liver Oil
(Squalane, Squalene) Obtained from the livers of sharks. Used in lubricating creams and lotions.

Sheepskin
A type of leather made from the skin of sheep.

Shellac
(904, Resinous Glaze) Resinous excretion of the lac bug insect. Used as a glaze in lollies, hair lacquer and on jewellery.

Silk
Made from the shiny fibre produced by silkworms to form their cocoons. The silkworms are boiled inside their cocoons to obtain their silk.

Silk Powder
Made from the shiny fibre produced by silkworms to form their cocoons. The powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. Used as a colouring in face powders, soaps and other cosmetics.

Snails
Snails are used not only as a food but they can also be found crushed up in some cosmetics.

Sodium Caseinate
(469, Casein, Casienate) A Milk protein.Can be found in many “nondairy” creamers, soy cheeses. Also used in cosmetics etc. Only animal derived.

Sodium Lactate
(325) Sodium salt found in lactic acid.

Sodium Steroyl Lactylate
(270, Lactic Acid) Found in the blood and muscle tissue of animals. Most commercial uses are derived from the fermentation of sugars in potatoes, whey, cornstarch and molasses.

Sodium Tallowate
(Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Sperm Oil
An oil obtained from the heads of sperm whales or dolphins. Found in many margarines and cosmetics etc.

Spermaceti
(Cetyl Palmitate) A waxy substance produced by the sperm whale. Often used in candles.

Sponge
(Luna and Sea) A sea animal and favourite food of sea turtles. Rare. Used as sponges and loofahs.

Squalane
(Shark Liver Oil, Squalene) Obtained from the livers of sharks. Used in lubricating creams and lotions.

Squalene
(Shark Liver Oil, Squalane) Obtained from the livers of sharks. Used in lubricating creams and lotions.

Stearamide
(Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearamine
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamide, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearamine Oxide
(Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearate
Salt from stearic acid (may have vegan sources)

Stearates
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearic Acid
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearic Hydrazide
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearin(e)
A substance obtained from animal fats. Can also be found in tropical plants. Used like tallow in soaps and candles.

Stearone
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearoxytrimethylsilane
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearoyl Lactylic Acid
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearyle Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearyl Acetate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Alcohol
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Betaine
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearyl Imidazoline) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearyl Caprylate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Citrate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Heptanoate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Imidazoline
(481, 482, 483, 570, 572, Dimethyl Stearamine, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Acid, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearyl Betaine) Derived from tallow or palm kernel oil. Used in cosmetics, lubricants, hairspray, deodorants, chewing gum and food flavouring.

Stearyl Octanoate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyl Stearate
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Stearyldimethyl Amine
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Steroids
From animal glands or plant tissues. Used in hormone preparation in creams, conditioners etc.

Sterols
(Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetatel, Stearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate) A combination of solid alcohols. Can be made from sperm whale oil. Found in medicines, creams, shampoos, etc. May have vegan sources.

Suede
Leather with a napped finish. Alternatives such as Ultra Suede and microfiber are synthetic and more durable and stain resistant.

Suet
Hard fat taken from the kidney and loins of cattle, sheep etc. Used in foods.

Sugar
Beet sugars are vegan however some can sugar is processed through bonechar.

Sunette
(Ace K, Acesulfame) Ace K is an artificial sweetener and while the contents are in fact vegan the safety concerns involved have led to animal testing.

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T

Tallow
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Tallow Acid
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Tallow Amide
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Tallow Amine
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Tallow Glycerides
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Tallow Imidazoline
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Talloweth-6
(Sodium Tallowate, Tallow, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline) Rendered beef or sheep fat. Found in wax paper, crayons, foods, rubber, paints, lubricants and cosmetics.

Taurine
An organic acid from bile and tissues, generally from the lower intestines of mammals. Often made synthetically.

Triterpene Alcohols
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Wool Fat, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Trypsin
A digestive enzyme which breaks down proteins in the small intestine. Found in the digestive system of vertebrates.

Turtle Oil
(Sea Turtle Oil) Taken from the muscles and genitals of green sea turtles. Used in soaps and cosmetics.

Tyrosine
An amino acid which can be found in creams and supplements. May have vegan sources.

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U

Urea
(Carbamide, Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid) Excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. Commercial uses are synthetic.

Uric Acid
(Cabamide, Imidazolidinyl Urea, Urea) Excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. Commercial uses are synthetic.

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V

Vegetable Carbon
(153, Carbon Black) Derived from incomplete combustion of natural gas, activated charcoal, blood, bones, meat, fats, oil and resins. Also derived from burnt vegetable matter.

Vitamin A
(Retinol) Can be obtained from fish liver oil, shark liver oil, egg yolks, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carrots and/or synthetics. Found in cosmetics, perfumes etc.

Vitamin B Factor
(Biotin, Vitamin H) Found in every living cell and in milk and yeast. Used as a texturiser in cosmetics, shampoos and creams.

Vitamin B-12
Usually obtained from an animal. Some vegan B-12 yeasts and analogs are available including supplements as Spirulina.

Vitamin B-Complex Factor
(Dexpanthenol, Panthenol, Panthenyl, Provitamin B-5)  Obtained from animal, plant or synthetic sources.Found in foods, cosmetics and supplements.

Vitamin D
(Calciferol, Ergocalciferol, Ergosterol, Provitamin D-2, Vitamin D-2, Vitamin D-3) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Vitamin D-2
(Calciferol, Ergocalciferol, Ergosterol, Provitamin D-2, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-3) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Vitamin D-3
(Calciferol, Ergocalciferol, Ergosterol, Provitamin D-2, Vitamin D, Vitamin D-2) Vitamin D can be found in fish liver oil, milk egg yolks, etc. Vitamin D-2 can come from animal fats or plant sterols and yeast. Vitamin D-3 can only be derived from animal sources. Found in cosmetics, supplements and food. Only use vegan Vitamin D sources, such as sunlight.

Vitamin H
(Biotin, Vitamin B Factor) Found in every living cell and in milk and yeast. Used as a texturiser in cosmetics, shampoos and creams.

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W

Wax
Substance that is obtained from animals, plants and insects. Used on fruits, vegetables and cosmetics.

Waxed Paper
Can be coated with paraffin or tallow

Whey
A serum from milk. Found in many foods.

Whey Powder
A powder made from the whey serum in milk. Found in many founds.

Wool
Wool from sheep. In Australia especially, farmers practice mulesing. As sheep are bred to be unnaturally fluffy and wrinkly they cut some of this skin and flesh around the backside of sheep without any drugging.

Wool Fat
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Wax) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

Wool Wax
(Aliphatic Alcohol, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin, Lanolin Alcohol, Lanosterols, Triterpene Alcohols, Wool Fat) Derived from the oil glands of sheep, extracted from wool. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. Very commonly found in cosmetics and medicines.

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X

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Y

Yellow 13
(Quinoline Yellow) Obtained from the interaction of aniline with acetaldehyde and formaldehyde or by the distillation of coal tar, bones and alkaloids. May have vegan sources.

Yogurt
A dairy product made through the fermentation of milk and adding bacteria. Some specialty vegan yogurts can be found.

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Z

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